A private security guard is a individual employed to secure properties and individuals. All security officers are required to undergo basic training mandated by the United Kingdom Security Industry Authority to get a better understanding of security and emergency needs. But in countries such as the U.S., they will also need to carry out some extra training to enable them to carry weapons such as batons, firearms, and pepper spray (e.g. the California Bureau of Security and Investigative Services requires a license to be carried on duty for each item listed). For special duties some officers are required to complete police certification.Learn more about this at Armed Security Guard Orange County.
Patrolling is usually a considerable part of the duties of a security officer. These patrols are often logged through a guard tour patrol system , which requires regular patrols. Mechanical clock systems used to be the most commonly used form, which required a key to manually punch a number onto a strip of paper inside with the time pre-printed on it.
In the UK, the work as a security guard requires a permit. This license is called SIA license and may include the need for a criminal background check and/or training. Most security guards are unarmed and have the same arrest powers as a private citizen, the arrest or detention of citizens by “a private person.” “When arms are carried, additional permits and training are usually required in the US but are not easily permitted in countries like the UK, France and others.
Major economic justification for security guards is that insurance companies (especially fire insurance companies) offer substantial discounts for sites with a 24-hour presence. In fact, a security guard on-site increases the likelihood that any fire will be reported to local fire before a total loss occurs.
Normally, armed security guards (US) are used to protect sensitive sites such as banks and military installations, government or other financial institutions, and nuclear power plants. Private armed security is much less common in Europe and other developed countries. Armed security composed mostly of former soldiers in developing countries (with permission from the host country)